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Volcanic Plumes from the Seafloor to the Edge of Space


Volcanic plumes are widely distributed and frequent on Earth. Submarine plumes feed our oceans with key nutrients, contribute to seafloor critical mineral resources, and disturb international shipping through large-scale pumice-raft formation. Atmospheric plumes create local devastation, cause continental-scale airspace closure, occasionally induce basin-scale tsunamis, and can disrupt climate globally. We still have a restricted understanding of the dynamics of these plumes owing to challenges in observing them and their highly complex dynamics involving high-velocity, high-temperature flows of chemically reactive gases, fluids, and solids at high temperatures in complex environments. As a consequence, our capability to manage their societal and environmental impacts remains limited.


Project Summary

This project will leverage synergies between the universities of Exeter, Cardiff, Bristol and Bath to deliver step changes in our understanding of volcanic plumes. We will organize a community workshop and support projects led by our junior researchers to enhance collaborative research between our institutions. This will enable to combine our unique skillsets to understand volcanic plume generation and dynamics, and support forecasting and mitigating their environmental and societal impacts. 


Image credit: NOAA

University of Bath
University of Bristol
Cardiff University
University of Exeter