New funding for research on parent carers in crisis

November 17, 2020

GW4 researchers have been awarded £239,000 to explore suicidal thoughts, homicidal thoughts, and self-harm in parent carers.

The research project developed from a GW4 funded collaborative research community, SHuSH!, which aimed to develop and conduct world-leading research on suicide, homicide, and self-harm in parents caring for children with disabilities.

More than 800,000 children in the UK have disabilities or long-term illnesses, and the vast majority are cared for by their parents. Research in other carers has shown high rates of suicidal thinking, as well as evidence of suicide attempts, self-harm, and deaths by homicide-suicide, but there have only been a handful of studies on parent carers internationally and none in the UK.

The award, from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Research for Social Care (RfSC) scheme, will allow researchers to identify how many parent carers have thought about or attempted suicide, and how many have self-harmed. The funding will also allow the team to identify the factors that contribute to or protect against these experiences, examine the everyday experiences of parent carers who have thought about suicide or homicide or self-harmed, and seek carers’ suggestions for research, practice, and policy. The research will provide a powerful foundation for the development of better strategies for supporting carers in crisis.

Led by Dr Siobhan O’Dwyer of the University of Exeter Medical School, the research is a collaboration with fellow GW4 Universities Bath, Bristol, and Cardiff, plus the University of Southern Denmark. Four parent carers are also co-investigators on the research, which has been supported by Devon Carers and Hikmat Devon CIC.

Dr O’Dwyer said: “Caring for a child with a disability or long-term illness can be extremely rewarding, but it also takes a significant toll. Suicide, homicide, and self-harm have been largely ignored in the research on family care and, as a result, these thoughts and experiences are often misunderstood or overlooked by health and social care professionals. Understanding parent carers’ experiences is the first step towards better support for carers and those they care for.”

Dr O’Dwyer added: “We are so grateful to the carers and organisations who partnered with us to develop a project that’s safe, respectful and will advance understanding and support. We are also grateful to the GW4 Alliance who funded the development of this project. Their support allowed us to take the time we needed to develop this research carefully, respectfully, and in genuine partnership with carers and organisations.”

Lisa Reakes, a parent carer for her 15-year-old daughter with an acquired brain injury, is a co-investigator on the research. She said: “I’ve been involved since the beginning, helping to shape the research and make sure it’s really addressing the needs and experiences of carers. The everyday life of a parent carer can be very challenging on multiple levels, a contributing factor to why so many carers have thought about suicide or self-harmed in one way or another.  There are very few places where we can talk safely about these experiences. I hope this research will change that.”

This is the first RfSC grant awarded to the University of Exeter and reflects the university’s growing commitment to research on social care. The development of the research was supported by the GW4 Alliance Building Communities Fund, designed to support collaborative and innovative research into global challenges.

To date the GW4 Alliance has invested over £2.9m in 93 collaborative research communities. In total these communities have generated over £46m in research income. This means that for every £1 GW4 spends on collaborative research communities, GW4 captures over £15 in external research awards. 

The research will commence in April 2021. Carers who need urgent support should contact the Samaritans on 116 123.