The GW4 Alliance has invested over £2.65m in 77 collaborative research communities, which are addressing major global and industrial challenges. Explore these communities by keyword or theme.

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Living Well

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Resilience, Environment and Sustainability

The GW4 Value of Death Network

INITIATOR FUND

Project period: September 2018 – January 2019

GW4 community leads

University of Bath: Malcolm Johnson
University of Bristol: Jane Blazeby
Cardiff University: Jenny Kitzinger
University of Exeter: Katrina Wyatt & Robin Durie

Project overview

This GW4 Network will address the global challenge of the critical relationships between medicine, living well, dying and death. It will examine how the process of dying is being medicalised and the implications of current practices for different populations including the poor. There is “a culture of medical excess” resulting in difficult decisions on when to treat and when to “say no”. It requires values to be placed on life and death. Despite the popular success of some recent books, medicine and society still struggle to talk about death and dying. Little research has been done on what dying well means especially for populations with difficulties in living well.


A biosocial approach to trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young people

ACCELERATOR FUND

Project period: September 2018 – April 2019

GW4 community leads

University of Bath: Sarah Halligan
University of Bristol: Abigail Fraser
Cardiff University: Stan Zammit
University of Exeter: Anke Karl

Project overview

Our focus is trauma-related mental health outcomes in children and young people (CYP). Following exposure to traumata (e.g., assault, war, serious injury) CYP are vulnerable to PTSD and associated long term negative outcomes (e.g., depression, substance abuse, poorer physical health). CYP living in low and middle income countries (LMICs) are at particularly high risk of serious trauma exposure due to factors including poverty, community violence and regional conflicts; and this occurs against a backdrop of chronic psychosocial adversity, which confers additional vulnerability.

Despite the truly global nature of the problem, much of the extant literature on PTSD is focused on relatively low risk, Western populations, exposed to less severe traumas (e.g., accidents, disasters). Consequently, our understanding of risk factors for PTSD in LMIC CYP (or in high risk groups in the UK) is limited. Our interdisciplinary team is ideally positioned to address this, comprising psychologists in the child (Halligan) and adult (Karl) field, a psychiatrist (Zammit), and an epidemiologist (Fraser). Our approaches to the study of trauma range from the development of psychological interventions to the examination of epidemiological pathways to physical health consequences. We correspondingly have wide collaborative networks, within and outside of GW4, and access to diverse, international study populations.


Investigating GBV Intersectional (Dis)Advantages and Legal Duties – A Scoping Study of UK Universities

ACCELERATOR FUND

Project period: September 2018 – April 2019

GW4 community leads
University of Bath: Tina Skinner
University of Bristol: Geetanjali Gangoli & Marrianne Hester
Cardiff University: Kirsty Hudson
University of Exeter: Rachel Fenton & Cassandra Jones

Project overview
The proposed research addresses GW4 grand challenges ‘Health, demographic change, and wellbeing’ and ‘Social justice and inequality, local and global.’ It also falls within two ESRC strategic priorities: Innovation in health and social care; and Mental health. The Network has identified a clear research opportunity to construct an ecological, theoretical model of gender-based violence (GBV) relevant to UK universities. This opportunity emerged from the Co-PIs research (e.g. Fenton and Jones, 2017; Jones, 2017) on gender-based violence (GBV) within UK universities, men and masculinities, and intersectionality, and discussions with Co-Is working on the Justice Project (Fenton, Gangoli, Hester) that researches intersectionality, GBV, and victim/survivors’ experiences of support. Specifically, the Network will develop in the proposed research a theoretical model of sexual violence (SV) and domestic violence and abuse (DVA) amongst students and staff at universities, the associated mental health impacts and supports needed, and legal duties to prevent and respond, which falls within the ESRC open call ‘Large Research Grant.’


GW4-BCR (Brain Cancer Research)

ACCELERATOR FUND

Project period: September 2018 – April 2019

GW4 community leads
University of Bath: Lorenzo Caggiano and Julien Licchesi
University of Bristol: Kathreena Kurian
Cardiff University: Chris Marshall & Stephen Paisey
University of Exeter: Jacqueline Whatmore

Project overview
From Daffodils to Drugs – this community will be investigating synthetic analogues of compounds found in daffodil bulbs to treat brain tumours


Transformative history education: Learning from creative practices in Cambodia, Colombia and Iraq

ACCELERATOR FUND

Project period: September 2018 – April 2019

GW4 community leads
University of Bath: Lizzi Milligan & Peter Manning
University of Bristol: Julia Paulson
Cardiff University: Kate Moles
University of Exeter: Catriona Pennell

Project overview
Our network is focused around the GW4 Grand Challenge Area of social justice and inequality. It also addresses the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) challenges of human rights, good governance, and social justice and of equitable access to sustainable development.